As time goes by, offering our elders the attention they deserve becomes more complicated. Motor, functional or cognitive limitations worsen with age and pose a daily challenge for those in charge of these dependent people. Aspects as everyday as daily cleaning, driving in bed or moving from one room to another can become a risk for both the elderly and their caregiver if appropriate techniques are not used.
Why is it so important to keep the elderly moving and active?
The will to guarantee the well-being of our loved ones is something inherent to the human being, but the techniques to carry out this work successfully are not. Caring for a dependent person requires training, experience and dedication. Only through this learning process can we ensure that all the affection and respect we feel for our elders is also manifested in the treatment we offer them.
Learning the basic rules on the mobilizations of elders to make postural changes, transfer techniques and postural ergonomics is essential for caregivers of dependent people. This activity is a part of the care that is carried out constantly and it is essential for the caregiver to have knowledge about mobilizations and transfers.
The decision to care for an elderly person at home is very commendable by the family, but it involves some practices with which he is not normally familiar. It is the responsibility of the caregivers to be aware of the mobilization and transfer techniques in order to provide the dependent person with the comfort, safety and attention necessary for the development of their routines.
Types Of Mobilization And Advice For Its Execution
The basic rules in performing postural changes, transfer techniques and postural ergonomics extend to all daily activities. From the first hour of the morning until the last moment of the night, a series of practices that guarantee the successful achievement of daily tasks are happening.
These usual maneuvers in the mobilization and transfer of the elderly can be divided into three large groups:
Senior mobilizations in the room:
- To get out of bed
- To roll on the bed
- To sit on the bed
Senior mobilizations in the bathroom:
- To take a bath
- To take a shower
- To use the WC
Senior mobilizations anywhere:
- To sit on a chair
- To stand up
- For walk
- To get up from the ground after a fall
- To enter and exit a vehicle
Except in those cases where the motor skills of the dependent person are very limited, the mobilization technique most used in any of these scenarios is that of manual mobilization. It is known with this name the set of maneuvers in which no additional instrument is used for the postural management of the person except the hands, arms and the body of the caregiver.
It is the usual procedure with patients of low weight or height who, despite fending for themselves, need help in certain circumstances. Manual mobilization techniques vary depending on the type of objective pursued, but from a more general perspective, common features can be identified:
- The caregiver and the patient will always be placed as close as possible to each other to ensure the safety of the maneuvers.
- The caregiver’s clothing must be comfortable so that it does not interfere with the movements to be performed.
- The elder must feel safe at all times. It is as important to keep it well held as to verbally inform you of the maneuver you are doing.
- All movements should be thought before taking action and after making an assessment of the circumstances of each moment.
- The movement must flow while transmitting security, comfort, tranquility and affection.